پاورپوینت استخراج DNA به زبان انگلیسی

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پاورپوینت استخراج DNA به زبان انگلیسی

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پاورپوینت استخراج DNA به زبان انگلیسی
قالب بندی: پاورپوینت ( قابل ویرایش )
تعداد اسلاید: 11

بخشی از پاورپوینت:

DNA EXTRACTION
Protocol and notes
Introduction
This highlights a simple protocol for extracting DNA from cereal plant leaves
This
protocol will produce a product that is suitable as a template for
polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and restriction enzyme digestion
It will also contain RNA which can be removed with further purifications
DNA Extraction Protocol Overview
Fresh plant material is collected
The plant material is mixed with extraction buffer and ground in a mortar and pestle
The resulting liquid is centrifuged to separate the solid plant material from the extraction buffer supernatant
The supernatant is mixed with ethanol to precipitate the DNA which will form a pellet at the bottom of the tube
The supernatant is discarded
The DNA pellet is washed with a diluted ethanol solution
The DNA pellet is dried and then dissolved in water or a buffer
Protocol for Collecting the Plant Material
Set up and label (according to species) TWO eppendorf tubes for each seedling you will be extracting DNA from.
Add 600 µL of isopropanol to one tube in step 1 and leave the other tube empty.
Add 2.0 mL of extraction
buffer to the mortar.
Cut a 2 inch portion of leaf
from each plant and grind
in the mortar with the pestle
until the solution is deep green.
Transfer 1.5 mL of solution to empty tube.
Centrifuge
the eppendorf tube with the extraction buffer + crushed leaf at high
speed for 3 minutes (this will pellet the leaf debris at the bottom of
the tube)
Remove 1 mL of the supernatant and transfer to the tube
containing 600 µL of isopropanol. DISCARD the tube with the debris
pellet!
Invert the sample tubes (with supernatant and isopropanol) 15
times and incubate them at room temperature for 2 minutes. (note: DNA
should precipitate out of solution and be visible as “white and
cottony”)
8. Centrifuge
samples at high speed for 5 minutes to pellet DNA. Remove supernatant
and save the pellet (DNA is in the pellet!).
9. Add 1000 µL of 70%
ethanol to the DNA pellets. Mix by inversion 15 times. Centrifuge at
high speed for 3 minutes. Remove and discard as much supernatant as
possible. Again, save the pellet!
10. Leave the tube open and let it air dry for 10-15 minutes. Add 50 µL of 1X TE to resuspend the DNA in solution.
The DNA solution is now ready to use.
To keep DNA solution stable, keep it in the fridge for short term storage and in the freezer for long term storage.
After extractions, it is a good practice to run the DNA on an agarose gel to check its integrity and quality
Mix 10 µL of DNA with 10 µL of loading buffer
Load this mixture into a 1% agarose gel
Examining the Quality of the DNA Extracted

If the genomic DNA is extracted in a professional Molecular Biology
laboratory, it will give clear distinct band in an electrophoresis gel


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